In each habitat type, many animals may be encountered. From the barnacle-encrusted rocks of Wedge Island to the vine-strewn rainforest of Hidden valley, there is quite a change in the fauna.

Along the foreshore many animals may be difficult to see. Some like the Brittle Stars live under rocks while others such as Barnacles shelter within a hard skeleton. On the beach look for Sand Dollars, small flat sea urchins that leave a trail as they move through the sand. Also seen are the Sand Baller and Ghost Crabs. A moonlight stroll along the beach is always delightful to view these crabs scurrying around in search of food!

In the forest, the first animal usually seen is the Australian brush turkey, a large black bird with a red head and yellow collar. These birds are usually found strutting around the resort and picnic area. They are related to the jungle fowl which is also found in the park.

Many other birds live at Cape Hillsborough. Some are migratory and visit for only a few months of the year. Early morning is the best time to observe birds. More than 136 species of Birds have so far been identified in this national park. Some of the more common ones are listed below.




Heron Ibis

Royal Spoonbill





Red Tailed Black Cockatoo

Red Winged Parrot

Pale Headed Rosella






Butcher Bird




Spur Winged Plover


Silver Gull

Scrub fowl

Brush turkey

Varied Triller

Red Backed Wren

Large Billed Warbler

White-Brown Robin

Rufous Shrike-Thrush

Mistletoe Bird


Spangled Drongo

Pied Currawong

Pheasant Coucal

Booboo Owl

Tawny Frogmouth




Rainbow Bird

Dollar Bird

Noisy pitta

Welcome Swallow

Fairy Martin


Willie Wagtail


Shining Starling

Southern Figbird

Cape Hillsborough National Park is also home to a colony of 150 – 200 ghost bats, one of four colonies identified in Queensland. They occupy at least three caves in the park during winter. Also observed at Cape Hillsborough is approximately 22 Mammals, 25 Reptiles (2 species of the legless lizard, 17 skinks and 5 species of geckoes) and 8 Amphibians.






Black rat

Water rat

House mouse

Canefield rat

Bush rat

Fawn-footed melomys

Grassland memlomys


Ghost Bat

Eastern horseshoe bat

Common sheath-tail bat

Little Brown Bat

North eastern sheathed bat

Flying fox (species unknown)


Sugar glider

Brush-tailed possum

Long-nosed bandicoot

Briddled bandicoot

Northern brown bandicoot

Common planigale

Timor pipistrelle


Cane Toad

Ornate burrowing frog

Brown striped frog

Northern banjo frog

Dainty green tree frog

Rocket frog

Desert tree frog

(Brown tree frog)

Common green tree frog

Ocellated velvet gecko

Burton�s flap footed lizard

Fence skink

Flatback turtle


Spotted python

Carpet snake

Common tree snake

Common keelback snake

White crowned snake

Two lined dragon

Yellow faced whip snake

Coastal taipan

The Eastern Grey Kangaroo and many types of Wallabies live in the park. The most common wallaby is the Agile (Sandy) Wallaby and Whip-Tail (Pretty face) Wallaby. The shy Brush-Tail Rock Wallaby can sometimes be seen in November on the far side of the causeway and beach. Cape Hillsborough is very unique as visitors are given a rare treat of viewing wallabies on the beach at sunrise most mornings. It is believed that they go down to the beach to enjoy nibbling the seedpods that wash up onto the beach.


Whiptail Wallaby (Pretty face)

Agile Wallaby (Sandy)

Swamp Wallaby

Brush-Tail Rock Wallaby

Plain Rock Wallaby

Red legged pademelon

Black-stripe wallaby

There are approximately 25 species of Butterflies within Cape Hillsborough National Park including the magnificent Ulysses or Mountain Blue. Butterflies such as the Blue Tiger also live at Cape Hillsborough and can be seen in large numbers during winter. Other butterflies include:


Orchard Swallow Tail

Dingy Swallow Tail

Green Spotted Swallow Tail

Big Greasy

Blue Triangle

Common Migrant

Caper White

Common Grass Yellow

Northern Jezabel

Union Jack

Eastern Brown Crow

Common Crow

Blue Tiger

Black and White Tiger

Evening Brown

Dingy Bush Brown

Orange Ringlet

Australian Rustic

Meadow Argus

Common Tit

Common Brown Ringlet

Common Egg Fly

Reference: G.Mendel 22/5/1999

Reference: Cape Hillsborough and Pioneer Peaks National Parks Management Plan by Qld National Parks and Wildlife Service and Qld Dept of Environment (1998)

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